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Traditionally it has been estimated that approximately 20% of the population has some type of disability. Although according to the latest 2010 census, the population in Puerto Rico has decreased no less true that with the increase of population aging is natural that this percentage increase.

Statistical data on the population with developmental disabilities is more difficult to report, because unless parents to see an obvious impediment take longer to evaluate their children and not until you come to school and start having children learning difficulties or display inappropriate behavior that comes to their evaluation by professionals. This factor is added to the census reports the impediments in total, is an impediment to tell whether acquired before age 21 or in adulthood.

On the other hand, the Department of Education has registered with the Special Education Program children include those children not receiving services funded by their parents and who are receiving educational services and counseling centers or private organizations.

Following a statement from the Planning Board


SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO - The Federal Census Bureau in the United States (NCF) has published data from the official count of the total population of Puerto Rico for the 2010 Population Census. For the first time in the history of the NCF, the data is published in Puerto Rico for a Decennial Census in the same year that the census is conducted.
According to data produced by the federal Census Bureau, the population of Puerto Rico at April 1, 2010 was 3,725,789 inhabitants. This number represents a reduction of 82.821 inhabitants as compared to the population enumerated in ten years before the 2000 Census. In turn, this is the first time in more than one hundred years to reduce the population from one census to another.

The annual growth rate of the population has experienced a reduction from the 1980 Census. The annual growth rate for the period 1980-1990 was 1.0 percent, for 1990-2000 was 0.8 percent and for the period 2000-2010 obtained a negative value of -0.2 percent. The annual growth rate helps us to get the period of doubling the population of a geographic area (in years) to assume that it keeps pace with growth. The period doubling of the largest population recorded in the 1960 census when he reached the figure of 114.6 years but it was influenced by the mass migration of Puerto Ricans to the United States contributed to a reduction in population growth in the Island. According to 2010 Census data the growth rate of the population of Puerto Rico during the last two censuses has been reduced to negative levels, decrease, which triples the period of years that would double the population if compared to the 1960 census. This value is 318.7 years.

The components that affect the growth of the population are: birth, death and migration. Although during this decade the number of live births has been declining even surpass them all deaths that occur on the island so its effect is to increase the population. Migration is the third component that contributes to population growth. If the net migration balance (inflows less outflows) is negative is known as migration which is losing population, but if the balance is positive is called immigration has the effect of increasing the population. However, when comparing the 2010 Census to the 2000 Census can be deduced that the net migration balance of the decade was negative and offset such that the contribution of the number of live births over the past 10 years.

Data from the 2010 Census population are available on the website of the Bureau of the Census of the United States: